Archive for the ‘History’ Category
Even before European settler discovered North Dakota, it was home to many Native American tribes including Hidasta, Sioux and Chippewa. The place that eventually became North Dakota was brought into focus by French explorer named La Verendrye when visited tribe called Mandan. It was around 1738 when La Verendrye decided to follow path from Canada to search for a water route to Pacific Ocean. It was during his journey that he met Mandan tribe and was amazed by the development made by native tribe. This historical meeting then paved path for other European traders led by his sons. This meeting provides the first glimpse into state of North Dakota. But most of what is recorded is by famous American exploration led by Lewis and Clark who made the journey from Missouri to St. Louis in 1804 and re-discovered North Dakota or at least what will later become North Dakota.
Archeological investigation have proved the presence of game hunting culture back dating around 10,000 years and farming culture at around 2000 BC to 1860. There were two kinds of adaption route that people followed in order survive somewhat harsh plain environment. They either lead nomadic life caring for their famous Bison cattle or a slow paced sedentary farmer’s life who occasionally hunted for food. The nomads quickly moved from cattle to horse allowing them a greater mobility. By 18th and 19th century, the place saw commercial success and was a known market place for fur trade. After discovery by French explorer, the place saw succession of European claims over the land including French, Spain and Great Britain and there was intense competition between the three countries when it came to fur trade and prime location to sell goods.
From what has been discerned from history, the association between natives and European settler was mainly peaceful aside from few incidents. It did impact the life of Native Americans who were now exposed to diseases like small pox in 1837 that almost wiped out their population, unsavory goods like guns. It also brought into world children born to Chippewa Native women and European settlers, called Métis, the product of two amalgamations of two different cultures. By 1803, the American gained the control of territory from French and Native Americans were forced to live on reservation.
When the area was first incorporated by United States the state was treated as part of Minnesota territory but by 1861 it was incorporated as Dakota Territory. Next few years saw several confrontations between opposing culture and also military incursion. A great deal of Bison herds were slaughtered to make Natives submit to increasing federal power and around 1880, most if not all of natives had given up their old life. The power struggle between various culture still simmered and there was tension that was intensified by military occupation and counter attack by natives. Some of the names such as Crazy Horn, Gall gained notoriety. Also the period saw mass exodus of some of native Dakota settlers who decided to lead a more peaceful life across the Canadian border.
It was on Nov 2nd1889, that Dakota territories was split into South Dakota and North Dakota and state of North Dakota was born. The next few years saw settlement boom followed by ethnic variety. Some of the major development occurred during the period of 1880 and 1910 followed by shift of the state’s occupation from trading to farming. The 21st century saw demographic and economic decline in North Dakota and it is only recently that the state has gained its fame as one of leading oil producing state in United State.
Mississippi is a prosperous state today and is not a debatable fact. However, this has not always been the case; things have not always been smooth. Like every state in the world, Mississippi has its own spell-binding history, a very eventful one.
The history dates back to the crude life of the Prehistoric Age down to the hyper-sophisticated and technology-driven world of the 21st century. Mississippi continues to dazzle every student of history with its particularly enchanting history. The state has seen the blood-curdling horrors of battle and enjoyed the cool breeze of prosperity, but the good thing is that the Magnolia State has stood the test of time. Although it has made and is still making history, it is has not become history itself.
The history of Mississippi dates back to the time of the American Indians such as the Choctaws, Chickasaw, Natchez, Yazoo, Pascagoula and the Biloxi. Much of the state was not beamed to the world until the expedition of Hernando De Soto (the first major expedition by any European) in 1540. Over different periods of time, the state was ruled by the French, Spanish and the British. In fact, the popular city of Natchez (Mississippi’s first capital) was founded as a French outpost in 1716. It was not until 1783 that the United States gained control of the state under the treaty of Paris. The capital was later moved to Jackson (named in honour of Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the US) in 1822.
A prominent part of the history of Mississippi is that of land disputes which were really rampant around the time of the Land Purchase. The most notorious land issue was the Yazoo Land Scandal of 1795. Huge tracts of land were purchased from the Chickasaw and Choctaw Native Americans in the 1800s under various treaties such as the Pontotoc Treaty of 1832.
The history of Mississippi is not complete without the mention of an important agricultural crop, cotton. In the 1800s, cotton was a major driver of the state economy peaking with a cotton boom in the 1850s. The crop was the engine of prosperity at that time although there were serious issues of slavery. Another interesting aspect of the state’s history was during the American Civil War in which Mississippi was the stronghold of the Confederate States of America. As a matter of fact, Mississippi seceded from the Union in January 1861 and its senator, Jefferson Davis was to later emerge as the president of the Confederacy. Mississippi was eventually admitted into the Union in 1817.
During the Civil War, the state fought and lost heavily. The Mississippi people fought gallantly especially in the historical Vicksburg Campaign, but later fell to the overwhelming arsenal of Ulysses Grant, former US President. Although terrible losses were recorded in the Civil War, the Second World War sparked an industrial boom in the state. Today the Magnolia State has been growing in leaps and bounds, recording even more spectacular historical milestones. In 1987, Ray Mabus was elected as governor at the age of 39, the youngest in the nation. Today, in the 21st century, the state is now seen as a center of rapid industrialization and economic growth. What the future has in stock for Mississippi, only time can tell.
Let’s look at the history and the generic facts about Massachusetts. We may even uncover information about the state that you didn’t know. Some of these facts will even lead to further investigation and new prospects for your future visit.
The state of Massachusetts nickname is the ‘Bay State’, it got the state name from the Algonquian Tribe as the word in their language means, ‘a big hill place.’ The state was born as part of the USA on February 6, 1788. Of course, the capital of the state is Boston, Massachusetts. The state song is as dominant as the states motto, “All Hail to Massachusetts,” is the great song while the motto states, “by the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty.”
How many different state animals can they have? Well, let’s find out. They’re state bird is the Black-Capped Chickadee while the game bird is the Wild Turkey. You could probably guess the dog or fish that they have chosen to represent their state. They both have the same name as famous parts of Massachusetts. The Boston terrier is the dog and then there is the Cod fish. As I said, they both share something imperative with the state itself. They also have a state horse, cat and insect.
What are some facts that you may not know about the wonderful state of Massachusetts? Well, the state flower is the Mayflower, pretty important to more than just the state itself. Since we are on history, Massachusetts state folk hero is the amazing Johnny Appleseed. Everyone knows about him, but not many know just how connected he is to one of our state’s history.
The female heroine of the state was name for receiving the first military pension ever awarded to a female. Who was she? Well, during the American War of Independence she was known as Robert Shurtleff, hiding the fact that she was born a woman so that she could help fight for our rights. The name she was born with was Deborah Samson. Any ideas about other famous and important people of our history that originated in the state of Massachusetts? Several of our Presidents to be exact, two of them were even born in the same town. John Adams (the 2nd President) and John Quincy Adams (the 6th President) were both born in the town known today as of Quincy, Massachusetts but was known as Braintree, Massachusetts.
There is so much history to this amazing state. It is something that deserves the time to research and then the ability to see the magnificent view with your own eyes. Every piece of this land has a hidden part of our history to it, something that connects it with other facts that you learned in school. Some of the background on this state is so unusual and fascinating that you may not have learned of it before, but it is definitely worth looking into!
There are three counties contained in the D.C metro or Maryland, all offering excellent shopping and scenic getaways and all three widely varied. These counties are Montgomery County, Frederick County and Prince George’s county. This area, DC Metro in Maryland is an excellent place to visit for those who want to get away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life without giving up the facilities offered by city life.
Frederick County is truly a place to visit and only a few hours distance from Harper’s Ferry or Gettysburg or D.C, Baltimore, and Antietam, it is easily accessible. For passionate art lovers or shoppers, this is the place to come. In this county alone there are literally hundreds of shops, from big retail shops dealing in brand name items, to cozy antique shops offering a treasure trove of items, and art galleries to browse.
In Fredrick, which is one city in Frederick County, there are three colleges: Frederick Community College, Hood College and the Maryland school for the Deaf. Thurmont, another city located in Frederick County contains two state parks, one of which is well known for its cascading waterfall of 78 feet. This is the Cunningham Falls State Park. Here too in Frederick, history is kept fresh with three museums, Monacacy National Battlefield, National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and the South Mountain Battlefield. This county is probably best known for its downtown district of more than 45 blocks of Maryland historic sites.
In Montgomery County, there are seven cities, Rockville, Potomac, Montgomery Village, Silver Spring, Germantown and Gaithersburg. There are three major DC Metro airports, Dulles International, Thurgood Marshall Baltimore/Washington International Airport and the Ronald Reagan Washington International Airport. This makes travelling to and fro easy. Generally, these airports are less than an hour away from the DC Metro area of Maryland. Located in DC Metro, Maryland is the great Patuxent River State Park. This park contains about 6700 acres of great Maryland terrain for hunting, hiking, horse riding or fishing. Here also are found other activities such as golfing, in any of the numerous golf courses, or visiting the museums such as the Clara Barton National Historic Site and the National Capital Trolley Museum or the National Library of Medicine.
Prince George’s county has lots to offer. At just minutes away from DC, Maryland, and 25 minutes from Annapolis, this county offers lots of family geared activities. There are more than a dozen golf courses, and about twenty thousand acres of national parks and recreational centers to ride horses, bike or go hiking. Visit the National Harbor on the Potomac, or the well-known NASA Goddard Flight Centre, Six Flag America, or the National Wildlife Visitor centre for an enjoyable day out with your family and friends. There are two universities in this county, The University of Maryland located in College Park and the Bowie State University.
There is also the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, the Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center and the FedEx Field and The Washington Redskins to list as a must in your list of places to visit.
Illinois is well known around the world as an US state that features many cultural attractions while also offering high standards when talking about medical facilities. The state is a great vacation destination and constantly accommodates all kinds of travelers. Those that want to have a break from the commotion of the city can always find relaxation and relief in Illinois.
Illinois show many cities and also offers an attractive demographic diversity. It is also highly important when talking about economy because there are many transportation centers in the area. Illinois brings to the table many places that should be visited by tourists and a long list of attractions of all kinds.
Peoria is one of the cities that must be featured on the must visit list of any tourist that plans a trip to Illinois. There are many attractions here that are perfect for an entire family. We are in front of one of the oldest settlements that the state has to offer. Peoria is well known for many tourist destinations, riverside shops, golfing and many fabulous buildings.
If you want to plan a perfect business meeting or a weekend getaway you should seriously consider Peoria, Illinois. There are many athletic tournaments and festivals that are held here and you will find many family attractions like the Wildlife Prairie State Park, Splashdown, Peoria River Front and even a perfect biking trail.
If you are visiting Peoria, you should go to the Wildlife Prairie State Park. It is a tremendous zoological park that is located right outside the city. Here you will find over 150 animal species and 50 bird species. This is actually one of the biggest wildlife parks in the country and it covers 2000 acres. By visiting you will get to see cougars, waterfowl, bison, wolves, otters, elks and many other animal species.
Peoria River Front must be visited as well as it is among the most popular places that the city offers. You can find different activities that are suitable for all ages in Peoria and it is sure that a tour here will give you many memories that will last forever.
We also recommend that you take the time to visit Peoria Riverfront Museum. This museum is really special because it is a mixed effort of many museums and organizations. Over 7000 square feet are covered and here you will find a lot about nature, science and even art.
Whenever planning your trip to Peoria you should check to see if there are any festivals when you visit. This is because there are many that exist throughout the year. We especially recommend the East Peoria Festival of Lights, the Strawberry Festival and the Cherry Festival.
Peoria is definitely a must visit place in the state of Illinois. The sheer quality of the attractions offered needs to be taken into account and all tourists that come here will leave disappointed that they have to leave. This is the effect that this city has on visitors and this is why you should seriously consider a visit there.